Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Study on Recent Trends in Photovoltaics and its Various Applications

R. Saravan Khumar, Dr.P. Ravichandran


Photovoltaic (solar) cells are gaining more popularity as an important source of energy. Photovoltaic power generation employs solar panels comprising a number of cells containing a photovoltaic material. The photovoltaic effect is the creation of a voltage in a material upon exposure to light. A wide variety of cell materials and designs are now in production, including thin film devices whose performance is monitored by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (SE). The experimental next-generation cells such as organic thin films, promise low production cost and ease of manufacturing. Regardless of the material used, most solar cell designs rely on thin films, and the natural choice for studying and monitoring the performance of these films is Spectroscopic Ellipsometry. This paper reviews the current and emerging applications of SE to different solar cell films, structures and devices, production of energy from solar cells.


Photovoltaic Effect, Silicon Solar Cells, Spectroscopic Ellipsometry, Photovoltaic Systems, Solar Thermal Technology, Indian Scenario.

Full Text:



R.Saravan Khumar, „Photovoltaic cell applications and Production of Electric Power by Solar Cells‟ Proceedings of the International conference on smart technologies for materials, communication, controls computing & energy,2011,pp 619-623.

A.S. Ferlauto et al, „Analytical model for the optical functions of amorphous semiconductors and its applications for thin film solar cells,‟ Thin Solid Films, 2004, pp 455-456.

M. Viprasdas, „Solar thermal technology: the Indian scenario‟, Energy Technology News, 2001, Issues 4 and 5.

T. Mancini, G.J. Kolb, and M. Prairie, “Solar Thermal Power”, Advances in Solar Energy: An Annual Review of Research and Development, Vol. 11, edited by Karl W. Boer, American Solar Energy Society, Boulder, CO, 1997, ISBN 0-89553-254-9.

N.I. Klyui et al., "Silicon solar cells with antireflection diamond-like carbon and silicon carbide films", Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2002, pp.597-603.

T. Stapinski et al., "Optical and structural properties of amorphous silicon carbon films for optoelectronic applications", Applied Surface Science, 2004, pp.367-374.

Jef Poortmans, Vladimir Arkhipov, "Thin Film Solar Cells", 2006, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

“Trends in Photovoltaic Applications”, Report IEA-PVPS T1-17:2008

Renewable energy for sustainable electrical energy system in India Energy Policy, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 23 March 2010

National patterns of research output and priorities in renewable energy, Energy Policy, Volume 30, Issue 2, January 2002, pp 131-136 Ali Uzun

A. Jagadeesh, A history of renewable energy technology Energy Policy, Volume 19, Issue 1, January-February 1991, pp 8-12

Bent Sorensen Scenario for growth of electricity in India Energy Policy, Volume 34, Issue 17, November 2006, pp 2834-2847

R.B.Grover, Subhash Chandra, Indian Scenarion of renewable energy for sustainable development Energy Policy, Volume 24, Issue 6, June 1996, Pages 575-581



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.