Nutritional Assessment and Chemical Composition of Two Germplasm of Mucuna Monosperma DC. ex Wight
Two germplasm of the tribal pulse Mucuna
monosperma DC. ex Wight viz. Yellur, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu (Western Ghats) and Vaitheki falls, Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu (Western Ghats) were analysed for proximate composition, mineral composition, amino acid composition, In vitro protein digestibility and fatty acid profiles of lipids. Crude proteins, crude lipids, ash, total dietary fibre and NFE constituted 23.10 - 23.45%, 4.36- 4.39%, 3.21- 3.80%, 8.9 - 9.21% and 59.53- 60.05%,respectively. The contents of essential amino acids are on par with FAO/WHO requirement pattern except sulphur containing amino
acids, leucine and lysine. The two germplasm also show high levels of unsaturated fatty acids comparable with other conventional pulses. So, this pulse deserves large scale cultivation as a proteinsupplement
AOAC,1970. Official methods of analysis (11th edn.). Association of
Official Agricultural Chemists, Washington, DC, USA.
Arulmozhi, M. and Janardhanan, K. 1992. The biochemical composition
and nutritional potential of the tribal pulse, Mucuna monosperma DC.
ex Wight. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr.42: 45-53.
Aykroyd, W.R., Doughty, J. and Walker, A. 1982. Legumes in human
nutrition. FAO Food and Nutrition Paper No. 20. FAO, Rome, Italy. pp.
Bhanu, N.V., Ramachandra, G. and Monterio, P.V. (1991). Evalution of
protein isolate from Cassia uniflora as a source of plant protein. J. Sci.
Food Agri., 54, 659-62.
Chitra, U., Vimala, V., Singh, U. and Geervani, P. 1995. Variability in
phytic acid content and protein digestibility of grain legumes. Plant
Foods Hum. Nutr.47: 163-172.
Dickman, S.R. and Bray, R.H. (1940). Colorimetric determination of
phosphate. Ind. Eng. Chem. Anal. Ed.,12, 665-8.
FAO/ WHO, 1991, Protein quality evaluation. Food and Agricultural
Organisation of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.p.66.
Floch, J., Lees, M. and Solane-Stanley, G.H. (1957). A simple method
for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J.
Biol. Chem., 226, 497-506.
Hsu, H.W.,Vavak, D.L. Satterlee, L.D. and Miller, G.A. (1977). A
multienzyme technique for estimation of protein digestibility. J. Food
Humphries, E.C. 1956. Mineral components and ash analysis. In:
Modern methods of plant analysis Vol. 1. (Eds.) Paech, K. and
Tracey, M.V. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 4368-4502.
ICMR, 1992. Nutrient requirement and recommended dietary
allowances for Indians. A report of the export group of the Indian
Council of Medical Research (ICMR). National Institute of Nutrition,
Issac, R.A. and Johnson, W.C. (1975). Collaborative study of wet and
dry techniques for the elemental analysis of plant tissue by Atomic
Absorption Spectrophotometer. J.AOAC,58, 436.
Janardhanan, K. and Gurumoorthi, P., Velvet bean as a source of food,
feed and pharmaceuticals, Wisdom Publishers, Chennai, India (in press).
Janardhanan, K., Vadivel, V. and Pugalenthi, M. 2003. Biodiversity in
Indian underexploited/ tribal pulses.In: Biotechnology for the
improvement of legumes (Eds) Jaiwal, P.K. and Singh, R.P., Kluwer
Academic Publishers. Dordrecht/ Boston/ London.
Liener, I.E. 1962. Toxic factors in legumes and thier elimination. Amer.
J. Clin. Nutr. 77: 281-286.
Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Farr, A.L. and Randall, R.J. (1951).
Protein measurement with folin phenol reagent. J. Biol. Chem., 193,
Metcalfe, L.D., Schemitz, A.A. and Pelka, J.R. (1966). Rapid
preparation of fatty acid esters from lipids for gas chromatographic
analysis. Anal. Chem., 38, 514-15.
Mohan, V.R. and Janardhanan, K. 1994. Chemical analysis and
nutritional assessment of lesser known pulses of the genus, Canavalia.
Inter. J. Food Sci. Nutr.45: 255-262.
Mohan, V.R. and Janardhanan, K. 1995a. Chemical analysis and
nutritional assessment of lesser known pulses of the genus,
Mucuna.Food Chem.52: 275-280.
Mohan, V.R. and Janardhanan, K. 1995b. Chemical determination of
nutritional and antinutritional properties in the tribal pulses. J. Food Sci.
NRC/ NAS.1980. National Research Council Committee on Dietary
Allowances. Recommended Dietary Allowances. 9th edn. National
Academy of Science Press, Washington, DC, USA.
NRC/ NAS.1989. National Research Council Committee on Dietary
Allowances. Recommended Dietary Allowances. 10th edn. National
Academy of Science Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Omogbai, F.E. 1990. Lipid composition of tropical seeds used in
Nigerian diet. J. Sci. Food Agric.50: 253-255.
Osborne, D.R. and Vogoot, P. (1978). Calculation of calorific value. In
The Analysis of nutrients in foods, Academic Press, New York, USA,
Pugalenthi, M., Biochemical studies in certain tribal pulses from
Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats, South India, Ph.D. Thesis, Bharathiar
University, Coimbatore, India.
Rajaram, N. and Janardhanan, K. (1990). Chemical analysis and
nutritional evaluation of certain under exploited Vigna spp. Food Sci,
Rajaram, N. and Janardhanan, K. 1992. Certain aspects of chemical
analysis of the seeds of wild relatives of Mucuna beans, Mucuna hirusta
W & A and M. atropurpurea DC. Adv. Plant Sci.5: 237-245.
Rao, P.U. and Belavady, B. 1979. Chemical composition and biological
evaluation of Goa bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) and their tubers.
J. Plant Foods 3: 167-174.
Ravindaran, V. and Ravindaran, G. 1988. Nutritional and antinutritional
characteristics of Mucuna (Mucuna utilis) bean seeds. J. Sci. Food
Agric. 46: 71-79.
Satya Sundaram, I. 2000. Pulses – Story of shortages. Facts for you.
Market Survey. pp. 22-24.
Sherman, H.C. Dickson, M.A., Smith, M.C. and Daniel, E.P. 1939.
Mineral requirements of man. In: Food and life: Yearbook of agriculture
(United States Department of Agriculture). United States Government
Printing Office, Washington, DC. USA pp. 187-221.
Siddhuraju, P., Vijayakumari, K., Janardhanan, K., 1992. Nutritional and
chemical evaluation of raw seeds of the tribal pulse Vigna trilobata (L.)
Verdc. Inter. J. Food Sci. Nutr.43: 97-103.
Siddhuraju, P., Vijayakumari, K., Janardhanan, K., 1995a. Studies on the
underexploited legumes, Indigofera linifolia and Sesbania bispinosa:
Nutrient composition and antinutritional factors. Inter. J. Food. Sci.
Siddhuraju, P., Vijayakumari, K., Janardhanan, K., 1995b. Nutritional
and chemical evaluation of raw seeds of Xylia xylocarpa: an
underutilized food source. Food Chem.53: 299-304.
Siddhuraju, P., Vijayakumari, K., Janardhanan, K., 1996. Chemical
composition and protein quality of little known legume, Velvet bean
(Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.) J. Agri. Food Chem., 44: 2636-2641.
Vijayakumari, K., Siddhuraju, P. and Janardhanan, K. 1993. Nutritional
and antinutritional properties of certain underexploited legume seeds.
Inter. J. Food Sci. Nutr.44: 181-189.
Vijayakumari, K., Siddhuraju, P. and Janardhanan, K. 1997. Effects of
domestic processing on the levels of certain antinurients in Prosopis
chilensis (Molina) Stunz. seeds. Food. Chem. 59: 367-371.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.