Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Biometrics Standards and Standardardization

Dr.P. Krishna Priya, V. Deepa


Biometric recognition can be described as automated methods to accurately recognize individuals based on distinguishing physiological and behavioural traits. Biometrics covers a variety of technologies in which unique identifiable attributes of people are used for identification and authentication. The report spotlights biometric recognition as a key form of authentication, one which is increasingly used in a wide range of applications made possible by advanced pattern recognition algorithms. To further the use of biometric systems, issues of security and privacy will need to be carefully addressed, as well as the high levels of expectation in accuracy, reliability, performance, adaptability, and cost of biometric technologies for a wide variety of applications. Safety, quality and technical compatibility of biometric technologies can be promoted through standards and standardization activities. Standards are essential for the deployment of biometric technologies on large-scale national and international applications. We discuss the advantages of biometric authenticators over their knowledge and possession based counterparts, describes different physiology- and behaviour-related human traits and how they are used in biometric systems. A choice of biometric recognition applications is highlighted, and an overview of standardization work in the field of biometrics is depicted.


Face, Fingerprint, Voice, Biometric Traits, Iris Pattern, DNA.

Full Text:



ITUC-T Technology Watch Report December 2009, ITU 2009, Biometrics & standards,

A.K. Jain, A. Ross, S. Prabhakar: An Introduction to biometric recognition. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 14(1):4-20, 2004.

G.Parziale: Touch less fingerprinting technology. Advances in biometrics, 25-48, 2008.

Y. Adini, Y. Moses, S. Ullman: Face recognition: the problem of compensating for changes in illumination direction. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 19(7):721-732, 1997.

S. Murphy, H. Bray: Face recognition devices failed in test at Logan. The Boston Globe, September2003.

National Science and Technology Council: Introduction to biometrics,2007,

A.K. Jain, A. Ross, S. Prabhakar: Biometrics: a tool for information security. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, 1(2):125-143, 2006.

J.P. Campbell: Speaker recognition: a tutorial. Proceedings of the IEEE, 85(9):1437-1462, 1997.

See Jain et al.: Biometrics: a tool for information security.

J. Ortega-Garcia, J. Bigun, D. Reynolds, J. Gonzalez-Rodriguez: Authentication gets personal with biometrics. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, 21(2):50-62, 2004.

M. Gifford, N. Edwards: Trial of dynamic signature verification for a real-world identification solution. BT Technology Journal, 23(2):259-266, 2005.

F. Monrose, A.D. Rubin: Keystroke dynamics as a biometric for authentication. Future Generation Computer Systems, 16(4):351-359, 2000.

D. Bartmann: On the design of an authentication system based on keystroke dynamics using a predefined input text. International Journal of Information Security and Privacy, August 2006.

ISO/IEC: Information technology – Biometrics tutorial. ISO/IEC TR 24741:2007(E). 2007.

A. Pfitzmann: Biometrie:29(5):353-356, 2006. (German).

R. Ryan, The importance of biometric standards. Biometric Technology Today, 17(7):7-10, 2009.

F. Deravi, Biometrics standards, Advances in biometrics, 473-489, 2008.

C. Tilton: Biometric standards – an overview. 2009. White paper available at


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.