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Design of Low Power Multi bit VCO based Quantizer using 90nm Technology

Anjali Jain, Pankaj M. Gulhane


Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO) based ADC is different from other Analog to Digital Converter (ADC). VCO quantizer within continuous time sigma delta ADC converted Analog input signal into timing information via VCO then quantized in time. This paper describes the Frequency to Digital Converter (FDC) based multi bit VCO quantizer using 90nm GPDK technology. FDC design using positive edge triggered D-flip flop and Gate Diffusion Input (GDI) technique based XOR gate.  FDC based VCO quantizer reduced the effect of parasitic component. VCO based quantizer characteristic analyzed in terms of Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR), Signal to Noise Distortion Ratio (SNDR) and power dissipation. VCO based quantizer consumes 158µW power and has SNR 72dB with 1.2 supply voltage and 10MHz input bandwidth. VCO quantizer designed in Cadence Virtuoso and simulation done in Cadence spectre.



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