Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Design of Microstrip Patch Antenna and Feed Point Location using IE3D Simulator

K. Nandhini


Communication between humans was first by sound through voice. With the desire for slightly more distance communication came devices such as drums then visual methods such as signal flags and smoke signals were used. These optical communication devices of course utilized the light portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. It has been only very recent in human history that the electromagnetic spectrum outside the visible region has been employed for communication through the use of radio. One of humankind’s greatest natural resources is the electromagnetic spectrum and the antenna has been instrumental in harnessing this resource.

This paper provides a detailed study of how to design and fabricate a probe-fed Microstrip Patch Antenna and feed point location using IE3D software and study the effect of antenna dimensions Length (L), and substrate parameters relative Dielectric constant (εr), substrate thickness (t), Bandwidth and Beam-width.


Coaxial Probe Feed, Directivity, Radiation Efficiency, Antenna Efficiency, Green’s Function, IE3D Simulator, Method of Moment, Radiation Pattern, Return Loss.

Full Text:



Garg R., Bhartia P., Bahl I. and Ittipiboon A. 2001. “Microstrip Antenna Design Handbook” Artech House.Boston-London. pp. 1-17.

A.I. Rachmansyah and Mutiara A.B. 2011. “Designing and Manufacturing Microstrip Antenna for Wireless Communication at 2.4 GHz”. International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 670-675.

A. Bhattacharya. 2013. “Design, simulation and analysisof a Penta Band Microstrip Patch Antenna with a Circular Slot‖”. International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research. Vol. 2, No.10, pp. 1868-1872.

N. Kalambe, D. Thakur and S. Paul 2015. “Review of Microstrip Patch Antenna Using UWB for Wireless Communication Devices”. IJCSMC. Vol. 4, No. 1, pp.128 – 133.

T.S. Bird. 2009. Definition and misuse of return loss [report of the transactions editor-in-chief] “Antennas and Propagation Magazine”. IEEE. Vol. 51, No. 2, pp.166-167.

C.-C. Lin, S.-W. Kuo and H.-R. Chuang. 2005. “A 2.4-GHz printed meander-line antenna for USB WLAN with notebook-PC housing”. Microwave and Wireless Components Letters. IEEE. Vol. 15, No. 9, pp. 546-548.

S. Sinha and A. Begam. 2012. “Design of Probe Feed Microstrip Patch Antenna in S-Band”. International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 417-423.

A. Mehta. 2015. “Microstrip Antenna”. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research. Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 54-57.

Bhardwaj, Dheeraj, et al. “Design of square patch antenna with anotch on FR4 substrate”. Microwave antennas & propagation, IET 2.8(2008):pp 880-885.

A. Majumder. 2013. “Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna Using Coaxial Probe Feeding Technique toOperate in S-Band”. IJETT, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 1206-1210.

Mandal A. et al. 2012. “Analysis of feeding techniques of rectangular microstrip antenna. in Signal Processing, Communication and Computing(ICSPCC)”. International Conference onIEEEpp.26-31.

Maiti, S., Rajak S.K. and Mukherjee A. 2014. “Design of a compact ultra wide band microstrip patch antenna In: Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT)”. International Conference on IEEE pp. 1-3.

Pallavi Singhal, Kuldeep Jaimini(2013),“Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna Design at 3 GHz using Probe Feed”. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 3, Issue 11.

Q. Lee, K. F. Lee, and J. Bobinchak, (1987)“ Characteristics of a two- layer electro magnetical coupled rectangular patch antenna”, Electron. Lett. vol. 23, pp. 1070-1072.

H. Schaubert, D. M. Pozar and A. Adrian,(1989) “Effect of microstrip antenna substrate thickness and permittivity: Comparison of theories and experiment”, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol. 37, pp. 677-682

Deng L., et al. 2009. “Design of a novel dual frequency antenna for wireless communication applications. in Proceedings” - 5th International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing, WiCOM. IEEE. pp. 1-4.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.