Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Teachers’ Readiness Level on Online Teaching: Embracing Distance Learning Modality

Rowena F. Panol, Dennis G. Caballes, Ariston G. Vasquez


Online teaching, one of the various distance learning modalities presented by the Department of Education as a response to the challenges posed by COVID-19 pandemic since face-to-face classes is strictly prohibited, has a definite future in education sector due to the changing educational environment which encourages additional platforms to continue provide school teachers to online teaching. Thus, this study was conducted to assess the readiness level of secondary school teachers on online teaching. Using convenience sampling, a total of 75 teachers in the Schools Division of Palawan were identified to become this research’s respondents. A survey questionnaire was used in data gathering administered through phone calls, texts, and online platforms. Data collected were analyzed using weighted mean, Pearson correlation coefficient, and t-test. Findings revealed that both the teacher’s technical and pedagogical readiness levels on online teaching were determined as approaching readiness. No significant relationship between the teachers’ profile and their pedagogical readiness level of online teaching was observed. However, the relationship between the teachers’ technical readiness level of online teaching and their profile in terms of educational attainment was found to be significant. The results further indicate that there is significant difference between the teachers’ level and pedagogical readiness level.


Online Teaching, Readiness, Distance Learning Modality

Full Text:



The Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines

DepEd Resources, Accelerating the DepEd Computerization Program in the Light of COVID-19 Pandemic

DepEd Order No. 12, s. 2020, Adoption of the Basic Education Learning Continuity Plan for School Year 2020-2021

Dela Pena-Bandalaria, M. M. (2009). E-Learning in the Philippines: Trends, Directions, and Challenges. International Journal on E-Learning.

Willis, E., Tucker, G., & Gunn, C. (2003). Developing an online Master of Education in educational technology in a learning paradigm: the process and the product. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 11(1), 5-21.

Courts, B. and Tucker J. (2012). Using Technology To Create A Dynamic Classroom Experience. Journal of College Teaching & Learning – Second Quarter 2012 Volume 9, Number 2

Cuban, L. (2001). So much high-tech money invested, so little use and change in practice: How come? Presented at the Council of Chief State School Officers’ Annual Technology Leadership Conference. Washington, DC.

Schaffer, R. (2004). Introducing child psychology, USA: Blackwell Publishing

Inan, F. A., & Lowther, D. L. (2009). Factors affecting technology integration in K-12 classrooms: A path model. Educational Technology Research and Development, 58(2), 137-154. doi:10.1007/s11423-009-9132-y

Shattuck, K. (Ed.). (2014). Assuring quality in online education: practices and processes at the teaching, resource, and program levels. Stylus Publishing, LLC

Bonanno, P. (2011). Developing an instrument to assess teachers’ readiness for technology-enhanced learning. 14th International Conference on Interactive Computer Aided Learning (ICL2011), Piešťany, Slovakia. 21-23 September, pp. 438-443

Al-Awidi, H., & Aldhafeeri, F. (2017). Teachers’ readiness to implement digital curriculum in Kuwaiti schools. Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 16, 105-126.

Ruggiero, D., & Mong, C. J. (2015). The teacher technology integration experience: Practice and reflection in the classroom. Journal of Information Technology Education Research, 14, 161-178. Retrieved May 14, 2016 from

Euromonitor. (2016). Internet retailing in the Philippines. Internet Retailing in the Philippines.

Dimasuay, L. B., & Pabro, B. R. (2009). Use of Learning Management System: A University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) Classroom Experience. In 6th International Conference on eLearning for Knowledge-Based Society.

Melinda dela Pena-Bandalaria. (2011). Ensuring Quality Education in Open and Distance eLearning (ODeL). AAOU. Journal of Education, Management and Social Sciences Volume II Issue I 106 ISSN 2599-4662 (Print) ISSN 2599-4670 (Online)

Anderson, T., Varnhagen, S., & Campbell, K. (1998). Faculty adoption of teaching and learning technologies: Contrasting earlier adopters and mainstream faculty. The Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 2(3), 71-98.

Cavas, B., Cavas, P., Karaoglan, B., & Kalsa, T. (2009). A study on science teachers' attitudes toward information and communication technologies in education. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 8(2), 34-67.

Yiong, B. L. C., Sam, H. K., &Wah, T. K. (2008). Acceptance of e-learning among distance learners: A Malaysian perspective. In Proceedings: Ascilite Conference.

Christiensen, R. (2002). Effects of technology integration education on the attitudes of teachers and students. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 34(4), 411-433.

Summak, M., Baglibel, M., & Samancioglu, M. (2010). Technology readiness of primary school teachers: A case study in Turkey. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 2671–2675.

Downing, J. J., & Dyment, J. E. (2013). Teacher Educators’ Readiness, Preparation, and Perceptions of Preparing Preservice Teachers in a Fully Online Environment: An Exploratory Study. Teacher Educator.

Ventayen, R. J. M. (2019). Teachers’ Readiness in Online Teaching Environment: A Case of Department of Education Teachers. Journal of Education, Management and Social Sciences, Volume II, Issue I.

Espinosa, K. J. P., & Caro, J. D. L. (2011). Analysis of ICT Integration Initiatives in Basic Education and Lessons Learned: The Case of the Philippines. In 2011 First ACIS/JNU International Conference on Computers, Networks, Systems and Industrial Engineering (pp. 342–347). IEEE.

Alampay, E. (2006). Incorporating participation in the Philippines’ E-LGU project. In Regional Development Dialogue.

Hung, M. L. (2016). Teacher readiness for online learning: Scale development and teacher perceptions. Computers and Education.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.