Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Success Factors of Scrum Team: A Systematic Survey

Nagy Ramadan Darwish, Mariam A. Muhammad


There are thousands of teams that are using the Scrum. But few of them are really “living” Scrum and achieve the success of their projects. This paper discusses the factors that lead the Scrum team to be successful. This paper introduces some important previous works related to the success factors in agile projects; especially that related to the Scrum teams. Then, the researchers extract a list of most effective success factors of the Scrum team. The researchers put the gathered success factors in a form of a questionnaire and passed it to 70 respondents to extract the importance degree of every success factor. Only 57 respondents provide the researchers with complete answers. Depending on the results, the success factors of the Scrum team are categorized according to the importance degree. This paper highlighted the most important success factors that must be considered by Scrum teams when developing a software project.


Agile Methods, Scrum, Scrum Team, Software Projects, Success Factors.

Full Text:



K. Schwaber and M. Beedle, Agile software development with Scrum. Vol. 1. 2002: Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River.

D. West. “Water-scrum-fall is the reality of agile for most organizations today”. Forrester Research.‏ (2011)

A. M. M. Hamed, and H. Abushama. “Popular agile approaches in software development: Review and analysis”. In Computing, Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ICCEEE), 2013 International Conference on (pp. 160-166). IEEE.‏ (2013, August)

A. Marchenko and P. Abrahamsson. “Scrum in a multiproject environment: An ethnographically-inspired case study on the adoption challenges”. In Agile, 2008. AGILE'08. Conference IEEE.‏ (pp. 15-26). (2008, August).

K. Schwaber and S. Jeff. “What is Scrum.” URL: ,[Sta nd: 03.03. 2008] (2007).

K. Beck,, M. Beedle, A. Van Bennekum, A. Cockburn, W. Fowler, and J. Kern. “Manifesto for agile software Cunningham,development”.‏ (2001).

S. Sharma, D. Sarkar, and D. Gupta, . “Agile processes and methodologies: A conceptual study”. International journal on computer science and Engineering, 4(5), 892.‏ (2012).

Kumar, P. (2016). “Scrum framework at a galance”. Retrieved from:

K. Schwaber. Agile project management with Scrum. Microsoft press.‏ (2004).

V. N. Vithana, S. G. S. Fernando and M. “KapurubandaraSuccess Factors for Agile Software Development â [euro]" A Case Study from Sri Lanka. International Journal of Computer Applications, 113(17).‏ , (2015).

D. Van Der Westhuizen and E. P. Fitzgerald. “Defining and measuring project success”. In Proceedings of the European Conference on IS Management, Leadership and Goverance 2005 (pp. 157-163). Academic Conferences Limited.‏ (2005)

N. R. Darwish and N. M. Rizk. “Multi-Dimensional Success Factors of Agile Software Development Projects”. International Journal of Computer Applications, 118(15).‏ (2015),

M. Doherty. “Examining Project Manager Insights of Agile and Traditional Success Factors for Information Technology Projects: A Q Methodology Study”. PhD, Marian University, Doctoral Dissertation. (2012)

T. Chow and D. B. Cao. “A survey study of critical success factors in agile software projects”. Journal of Systems and Software, 81(6), 961-971.‏ (2008).

J. Wan, Y. Zhu and M. Zeng. “Case study on critical success factors of running Scrum”. Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, 6(2), 59.‏ (2013)

S. Berczuk. “Back to basics: The role of agile principles in success with an distributed scrum team”. In Agile Conference (AGILE), 2007. (pp. 382-388). IEEE. (2007, August).

J. Sutherland, A. Viktorov, J. Blount and N. Puntikov. “Distributed scrum: Agile project management with outsourced development teams”. In System Sciences, 2007. HICSS 2007. 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on (pp. 274a-274a). IEEE.‏ (2007, January).

J. Sutherland, G. Schoonheim, N. Kumar, V. Pandey and S. Vishal. “Fully distributed scrum: Linear scalability of production between San Francisco and India”. In Agile Conference, 2009. AGILE'09. (pp. 277-282). IEEE.‏ (2009, August).

N. B. Moe, T. Dingsøyr and T. Dybå. “A teamwork model for understanding an agile team: A case study of a Scrum project”. Information and Software Technology, 52(5), 480-491.‏ (2010).

E. Gunnerson (2015). “Agile Team Evaluation”. Retrieved from:

P. Lencioni. “The five dysfunctions of a team”. John Wiley & Sons.‏ (2006).

L. Lagestee (2012). “How to Meagure the Team Agility”. Retrieved from:

B. Linders (2016). “Agile Self Assessments”. Retrieved from:

J. Janlén (2014). “Team barometer (self-evaluation tool)”. Retrieved from:

K. S. Rubin, (2012). “Essential Scrum: A practical guide to the most popular Agile process”. Addison-Wesley.‏

V. N. Vithana, Fernando S. G. S. & Kapurubandara M. (2015). “Success Factors for Agile Software Development–A Case Study from Sri Lanka”. International Journal of Computer Applications (0975–8887) Volume 113 –No. 17.

M. Loffler (2015). “five success factors of incredible good Scrum teams” Avaliable:

N. Anantharangachar (2007). “Success Factors for Scrum Implementation-Scrum Alliance”. Retrieved from:


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.