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Novel Semi-blind Channel Estimation Schemes for Rayleigh Flat Fading MIMO Channels

Jaymin Bhalani, Dharmendra Chauhan, Y.P. Kosta, A.I. Trivedi


In this paper, we propose two novel semi-blind channel estimation techniques based on QR decomposition for Rayleigh flat fading Multiple Input Multiple output (MIMO) channel using different receiver antenna combinations and various pilot symbols. In the first technique, the flat-fading MIMO channel matrix H can be decomposed as a upper triangular matrix R and a unitary rotation matrix Q as H=RQ. The matrix R is estimated blindly from only received data by using orthogonal matrix triangularization based house holder QR decomposition, while the optimum rotation matrix Q is estimated exclusively from pilot based Orthogonal Pilot Maximum Likelihood Estimator (OPML) algorithm. In the second technique, joint semi-blind channel and data estimation is performed using QR decomposition based Least Square (LS) algorithm. Simulations have taken under 4-PSK data modulation scheme for two transmitters and different combinations of receiver antennas as well as various training symbols. Finally, these two new techniques compare with Whitening Rotation (WR) based semi-blind channel estimation technique and results shows that those new techniques achieve very nearby performance with low complexity compare to Whitening rotation based technique. Also first technique with perfect R outperforms Whitening Rotation based technique.


Multiple Input Multiple Output, Orthogonal Pilot ML Estimator, QR Decomposition, Semi Blind Channel Estimation

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