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Analyzing Lifecycle of it Components and Reducing E-Waste

SebhaKumar Palaniappan, S. Suganya


Tremendous growth has been made in the field of Telecommunication and Information Technology (IT). Environmental problems occur due to the significant growth in the field of IT which accelerates mass production, mass consumption, and mass disposal. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) shows another way to analyze, to deduce and essentially to alter the environmental performance of electronic telecommunication products. LCA approach formulates a way to determine in which phase of life (whether it will be in the production of raw materials or to disposal) causes the greatest destruction to the environment. Therefore specific organization activities should be recognized and altered to maximize environmental performance. The main aim of this research is to investigate the life cycle environmental impact of IT equipments and to determine the possible recycle rate. Green computing is an issue that forces each one. E-waste threatens the planet as both a source of toxins and through sheer tonnage. Companies within the computer, consumer electronics and electrical appliance industries have always accounted success by their bottom line profits. Actions must be measured in terms of their impact on planet, people, and profits rather than just the bottom line. Recycling is necessary for the environment which depends on the product recovery infrastructure. The products should be collected, transported and finally it is recycled. Accessing existing infrastructure and recycling technologies leads to obtain the greatest results from recycling. Recycling methods for Electronic wastes (E-waste) and IT equipments are proposed in this paper. The proposed method helps us to prevent from health hazards due to the usage of Information and telecommunication equipments. The usage of these equipments creates a significant potential due to the consumption of electricity produced by burning fossil fuel. The disposal of wastes mainly contributes to ozone layer depletion potential. Design for the environment (DfE) in the product design stage and green procurement are recommended for improving the entire environmental performance of electronic equipment .Recovery of a product is another solution for economical recycling. Efficient reverse logistics to collect and transport entire lifecycle of electronic equipments should be taken into account to enhance recycling in order to improve the performance of environment.


Information Technology, Environment, Electronic Waste, LCA, Recycling

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