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Nano Computing

Dr. T. Deepa, B. Gayathri, N. Kogila


Nanotechnology is now a days strengthening its roots in the field of computer science by contributing in the creation of more efficient computing components .Nanotechnology has been developed in several fields of studies including, material science, engineering , chemistry, physics, biology and computer science as well .Novel nano materials and nano devices are fabricated and controlled by nanotechnology tools and techniques, This paper shows how these nanotechnology tools and devices can be used to benefit Information technology Industry and we look for the needs and chances of nanotechnology research in computer science. Nano technology in computer science is named as Nano computing .which is divided into categories- Electronic Nano computing, Mechanical

Nano computing, Chemical

Nano computing, Quantum Nano computing etc. The application and use of nano materials in electronic devices, in optical and magnetic components are the economically most important parts of the nanotechnology permeate the design of artefacts at nowadays and likely in the near future. Advances in technology repeatedly allow software to lower and lower levels. This occurred long ago with microprogramming, when computers were stand-alone; more recently it occurred with programmable networks (e.g. routers); it is now occurring with wireless networks. Nanotechnology will lead to a new dramatic step of this kind. Although it will include applications that require little computational input, it will also provide opportunities for exploitation that involve complex computational interactions among structured populations of nanoscopic agents. The more sophisticated these structures and interactions, the more Computer Science (CS) research will be involved. The modification of today’s top-down technology to produce nano scale structures is difficult and expensive, a new generation of computer components will be required. A new style of technology is introduced, which assembles individual atoms or molecules into a refined product. This technology is termed as molecular technology or bottom-up technology. This bottom-up technology could be the answer for the computer industry. Though topdown technology currently remains the choice for constructing mass produced devices, nanotechnologists are having increasing success in developing bottom-up technology. Such research is wide ranging and includes: software engineering, networking, internet security, image processing, virtual reality, human machine interface, artificial intelligence, and intelligent systems. Most work focuses on the development of fast computing components. The nanometer level new devices, methods of assembly, and architectures are being investigated. The crossbar, an old idea, is expected to play a prominent role in these new developments; its regular structure is well suited to nanotechnology-based assembly. . It is not an attempt to violate any laws; it is something, in principle, that can be done.

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