Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Comparative Study on Routing Protocols in VANET and MANET

A. P. Thangamuthu


Vehicle Ad-hoc Network (VANET) is a type of Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET), used to provide communications between nearby vehicles devices and to provide guidance between vehicles with fixed infrastructure. This allows vehicles to communicate with themselves or roadside equipment; such information can be used for various purposes such as security, comfort, or entertainment. VANET is a subset of MANET [1]. Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) is a type a Wireless network, it is a self-configured network that allows mobile nodes to join or leave the network at any time. Mobile is moving the locations without any fixed infrastructure or centralized administration, without a specific kind of infrastructure. This is a dynamic network, a set of wireless mobile terminals to communicate with each other without the use of any centralized power device. The major concern or main issue on the MANET due to its widening nature steering.


Mobile, Communication, Device, Infrastructure, Network, Geographical, Wireless, Nodes, Administration, Dynamic, Routing.

Full Text:



Neeraj Kumar Pandey, Amit Kumar Mishra, PushpneelVerma "A Comparative Study of MANET Routing Protocols" Journal of Mobile Computing, Communications & Mobile Networks Volume1 Issue 1, 2014

Poonam Kumari, Ms. RuchiSanduja "A Survey on Various VANET Routing Protocols" International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research (IJSETR) Volume 5, Issue 6, June 2016

Sachinlalar, Arunkumaryadav “Comparative Study of Routing Protocols in MANET" Oriental Journal of Computer Science & Technology, March 2017, vol. 10,

J. Blum, A. Eskandarian, and L. Hoffman, ―Mobility management in IVC networks, ‖ in IEEE Intelligent VehiclesSymposium, 2003.

R.A. Santos, A. Edwards, R. Edwards, and L. Seed, 2. ―Performance evaluation of routing protocols in vehicular adhoc networks, ‖ The International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous computing, vol. 1, no. 1/2, pp. 80–91, 2005.

M. Durresi, A. Durresi, and L. Barolli, 3. ―Emergency broadcast protocol for intervehicle communications,‖ in ICPADS ’05: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems—Workshops (ICPADS’05), 2005.

G. Korkmaz, E. Ekici, F. Özgüner, and Ü. Özgüner, 4. ―Urban multi-hop broadcast protocol for intervehicle communication systems, ‖ in ACM International Workshop on Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks, pp. 76–85, 2004.

Al-Maashri A. and Ould-Khaoua M., Performance analysis of MANET routing protocols in the presence of self-similar traffic. In, Proceedings of the 31st IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks, 2006, 14-16 November 2006, pages pp. 801-807, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Deshmuk R., Ambhaika A.,” Performance Evaluation of AODV and DSR with Reference to Network Size”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887), Volume 11– No.8, December 2010.

Elizabeth M. R. and Chai-Keong T.,”A review of current routing protocols for ad hoc mobile wireless networks”, Technical report, University of California and Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, 1999.

Gerla M., Hong X., Pei G. “Fisheye State Routing Protocol (FSR) for ad hoc networks”, IETF Draft, 2001.

K. Thamizhmaran, Akshaya Devi Arivazhagan, M. Anitha “Co-operative analysis of Proactive and Reactive Protocols Using Dijkstra's Algorithm” IEEE Sponsored 9th International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Control (ISCO) 2015.

AmithKhandakar “Step by Step Procedural Comparison of DSR, AODV and DSDV Routing protocol”, 2012 4th International Conference on Computer Engineering and Technology (ICCET 2012) PCSIT vol.40 (2012) © (2012) IACSIT Press, Singapore.

Alex Hinds, Michael Ngulube, Shaoying Zhu, and Hussain Al-Aqrabi “A Review of Routing Protocols for MobileAd-Hoc NETworks (MANET)” “International Journal of Information and Education Technology”, Vol. 3, No. 1, February 2013.

Arshad Shaikh Danish Vasan Khalid H. Mohammadani “Performance Analysis of MANET Routing Protocols – A Comparative Study” International Journal of Computer Applications (0975– 8887) Volume 83 – No 7, December 2013.

V. G. Muralishankar, Dr. E. George Dharma Prakash Raj “Routing Protocols for MANET: A Literature Survey” “International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Applications”, Vol.2 Issue. 3, March- 2014, pg. 18-24ISSN: 2321-8363.

Harjeet Kaur, VarshaSahni, Dr. ManjuBala “A Survey of Reactive, Proactive and Hybrid RoutingProtocols in MANET: A Review” Harjeet Kaur et al, / (IJCSIT) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, Vol. 4 (3), 2013, 498-500.

SuchitaBaxla, Rajesh Nema “A Review Paper on Performance Analysis of AODV, OLSR, DSR and GRP Routing Protocols of Ad hoc Networks” “International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR),” India Online ISSN: 2319-7064.

C. Perkins, E. Royer, and S. Das., “Ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) routing”. Internet Draft, Internet Engineering Task Force, Mar. 2001.

M. K. Marina, and S. R. Das, “On-demand multipath distance vector routing in Ad Hoc networks,” Proc. 9th International Conference on Network Protocols, IEEE Press, Nov. 2001, pp. 14-23, doi: 10.1109/ICNP.2001.992756.

R. Biradar, KoushikMajumder, Subir Kumar Sarkar, Puttamadappa, “Performance Evaluation and Comparison of AODV and AOMDV" S. R. Biradar et al. / (IJCSE) International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering Vol. 02, No. 02, 2010, 373-377.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.